Aims of the EYFS Curriculum
Aims of the KS1 Curriculum
Aims of the Lower KS2 Curriculum
Aims of the Upper KS2 Curriculum
How KS1 builds upon EYFS
In KS1 pupils will continue to develop their scientific skills through first-hand experiences where they will make observations using simple equipment and perform simple tests. They will use their understanding of similarities and differences to begin to identify, classify and compare. They will continue to build on their ability to ask questions and begin to recognise that their questions can be answered in a variety of different ways. As pupils move through KS1 they will begin to record and communicate their observations and results in various ways.
How LSKS2 builds upon KS1
As pupils move into lower key stage two they will continue to explore, talk about, test and develop their ideas about living things and familiar environments through first-hand experiences and more systematic and careful observation. Pupils will be encouraged to ask more relevant questions and consider which types of scientific enquiry are most likely to be effective methods in answering them. Pupils will recognise when a fair test is necessary and help decide how to set up practical tests. Pupils will develop their ability to record and communicate their results through drawing simple conclusions using some scientific language to talk about and write about their findings and begin to make predictions.
How UKS2 builds upon LKS2
As pupils move into upper key stage two they will begin to select the most appropriate ways to answer science questions using different types of science enquiry. When carrying out tests, pupils will be taught to control variables, develop their accuracy and precision in taking measurements and record their data and results in more complex ways. Pupils will use their results to identify when further tests might be needed and use relevant scientific language when communicating and justifying their ideas. Pupils will develop a wider range of scientific ideas through analysing functions, relationships and interactions more systematically.
How UKS2 prepares children for KS3/Secondary readiness
Throughout upper key stage two, pupils will develop their scientific knowledge and conceptual understanding in readiness for key stage three where they will apply this to biology, chemistry and physics. Pupils will encounter more abstract ideas, begin to understand and predict how the world operates and recognise that scientific ideas change and develop over time. This will help to support pupils in understanding the uses and implications of science, today and for the future. As pupils move into key stage three they will build on their understanding of scientific attitudes, their experimental skills and ability to investigate, take measurements, analyse and evaluate.
Specific skills that are developed and how
The main focus throughout Science lessons will be to ensure that children have first-hand experiences and opportunity to learn about and explore the five types of scientific enquiry. Pupils will be taught how to observe changes over different periods of time, notice patterns, group and classify things, carry out comparative and fair tests and find things out using a wide range of secondary sources of information. Pupils will also be taught to use different types of equipment effectively and how to take accurate measurements.
Revisiting of topics – when and why
As pupils progress through the school, they will build on their knowledge and understanding of some science units which are taught in various year groups. When these units are being taught, teachers will ensure that pupils already have a secure knowledge of the content taught from previous year groups for this particular unit before moving on. This will enable pupils to make links and build on their previous learning.
At the beginning of each Science lesson, all pupils will take part in a ‘Simmering Science’ task. This may simply be delivered as a quiz, through questioning, a discussion or a short task. This enables teachers to revisit learning from the previous Science unit that has been taught to assess pupils’ knowledge and help to ensure that learning is retained.
Why the curriculum has been sequenced in the order it has
To enable opportunities for pupils to revisit science units as they progress through the school to build on the knowledge they already have, build links and connections between learning and revisit learning to ensure it is retained. Several units are placed carefully to ensure that they are taught at an appropriate time during the year to ensure that pupils have the best opportunity for first-hand experiences and to make observations, for example, of plants and living things.
How children are able to achieve Greater Depth
The focus assessment tasks provide extension ideas that teachers can use to extend a child’s learning based around the concept or skills being taught and also provide assessment indicators so that teachers can identify when a child is exceeding in that area.
Throughout all lessons, questioning will be a key strategy in assessing pupils and encouraging them to explain, justify and extend their thinking and make links and connections. In order to achieve greater depth, pupils need to have an in depth understanding of the skills and concepts and be able to explain and apply their learning.
Teachers are aware of the progression of learning in Science and what units and skills pupils will be taught in the following year. This means that new skills and vocabulary can be introduced at any appropriate time to extend learning and prepare them for upcoming learning.
Other support that is in place
Our Science learning walls provide great opportunity for teachers to create a scaffold in learning for pupils and a visual representation of the learning journey throughout a unit so that children are able to refer back to prior learning and make links and connections as they progress through a unit. Key vocabulary relating to the science unit is added to the learning wall as it is introduced and referred back to, giving children opportunity to see, read, say, understand and use these words in the correct context.
When planning and delivering lessons, teachers will think carefully about the individual needs of their pupils and provide support, resources and other forms of scaffolding as appropriate to ensure that each child is able to make progress. Teachers understand the importance of ensuring that the right amount of scaffolding is provided to ensure that they do not over scaffold for more able learners and provide enough scaffolding for less able learners so that they are able to succeed.
Other skills developed e.g. social skills / oracy
Below are a list of various other skills that will be developed and cross-curricular links throughout Science lessons:
Links to Language/Oracy/Speaking & Listening – Talking about what they know, what they have observed, asking questions, communicating their findings, group work to set up and perform tests, developing vocabulary.
Links to Writing – Recording and presenting findings, explanations.
Links to Reading – Accessing secondary sources of information, research.
Links to Maths – Taking and recording measurements, recording and presenting data e.g. graphs, charts.
Links to Physical Education – Healthy eating, exercising, and keeping fit.
Link to Geography – Caring for living things and our environment, naming and describing habitats.
Link to PSHE – Keeping fit, staying healthy, knowing parts of our bodies and their functions.
Links to Art/DT – Patterns, drawing diagrams, materials, designing, creating final product.
Links to ICT – Researching, taking photographs, recording, videoing, using data loggers.
Links to Music – Experimenting with sounds through musical instruments, pitch, loudness.
Curriculum Assessment and Intervention
How children will be assessed / tested
At the beginning of each lesson, pupils’ prior knowledge will be assessed during the ‘Simmering Science’ starter. Throughout the lesson, questioning will be used to assess pupils’ ability to talk about what they know, explain their findings and justify their ideas. Teacher assessment will be used throughout Science lessons and other appropriate times to continually make judgements on pupil’s knowledge of science content and skills. Teachers will indicate whether a child has not met their target, is working towards their target, has met their target or has exceeded expectations. The Focus Assessment Tasks provide a great opportunity for teachers to assess pupils’ conceptual knowledge and ability to work scientifically. They also provide assessment indicators to aid teachers in making accurate assessment judgements.
What happens if children are underachieving
Depending on the area in which a pupil is underachieving, interventions are in place across school which help pupils to practise and develop specific skills. For example, pupils who find it difficult to ask questions, talk about their ideas and explain their answers may benefit from a speech and language intervention. Pupils who find it difficult to record and present their findings may require extra support in writing.
Ongoing assessment will enable teacher’s to identify pupils who require extra support and these pupils can be targeted during Simmering Science tasks by the teacher or TA to ensure they receive targeted support specific to their needs. Teachers will also use continuous assessment strategies throughout each lesson to identify any children who need extra support and tailor to the child’s needs as appropriate.
Teachers may take the opportunity for pupils to work in mixed ability groups when taking part in Science tasks, to ensure that children of a lower ability are still exposed to language that they need to learn and have opportunity to take part in tasks and experiences alongside their peers instead of being isolated from the lesson.